What Are the Best Tips for Spring Lawn Care?

Fertilize, aerate, and address any winter damage to prepare your lawn for the growing season.

Spring is a crucial time for lawn care, as it sets the foundation for a healthy and vibrant lawn throughout the growing season. Here are some essential tips for spring lawn care:


1. Clean Up and Remove Debris

Remove Winter Debris: Clear away any debris, leaves, or branches that may have accumulated over the winter. This allows sunlight and air to reach the grass.

Detach the Lawn: If there is a thatch layer (accumulation of dead grass and roots), consider dethatching using a rake or dethatching machine.

2. Mowing Practices

Adjust Mower Height: Set your mower at a higher cutting height for the first few mowings. This promotes healthier grass by allowing it to establish deeper roots.

Avoid Scraping: Avoid scalping the lawn by removing no more than one-third of the grass blade during each mowing.

Mulch Grass Clippings: Mulch grass clippings back into the lawn to return nutrients to the soil. This also helps with moisture retention.

3. Spring Aeration

Core Aeration: Consider core aeration to alleviate soil compaction and improve water and nutrient penetration. This is especially beneficial in high-traffic areas.

Overseed After Aeration: If your lawn has bare patches, overseed after aeration to promote new grass growth.

4. Fertilize Appropriately

Apply a Spring Fertilizer: Use a balanced fertilizer with a higher nitrogen content for spring. This supports vigorous leaf and shoot growth.

Follow Application Guidelines: Follow the recommended application rates on the fertilizer packaging to avoid over-fertilizing.

5. Weed Control

Preventative Weed Control: Apply pre-emergent herbicides early in the spring to prevent the germination of weeds. Follow the product instructions carefully.

Hand Weed as Needed: Hand-pull or spot treat weeds that emerge despite pre-emergent applications.

6. Soil Testing

Conduct a Soil Test: Perform a soil test to determine nutrient levels and pH. Adjust fertilizer applications based on the soil test results.

7. Watering Practices

Deep and Infrequent Watering: Water deeply and infrequently rather than shallow and often. This encourages deep root growth.

Morning Watering: Water in the early morning to reduce the risk of diseases and allow the grass to dry before evening.

8. Inspect and Repair Irrigation System

Check Irrigation System: Inspect your irrigation system for leaks, clogs, or damaged sprinkler heads. Ensure even water distribution across the lawn.

Adjust Sprinkler Settings: Adjust sprinkler settings based on the specific needs of your lawn and local weather conditions.

9. Address Bare Patches

Reseed Bare Areas: Reseed any bare patches or thin areas in the lawn using the appropriate grass seed for your region.

Keep Seeded Areas Moist: Keep newly seeded areas consistently moist until the grass establishes.

10. Monitor for Pests & Diseases

Inspect for Pests: Regularly inspect the lawn for signs of pests such as grubs or insects. Take appropriate measures if pests are detected.

Disease Prevention: Practice good lawn care practices to prevent diseases, such as improving air circulation and avoiding overwatering.

11. Edge and Define Lawn Borders

Define Lawn Borders: Edge the lawn to create clean borders along sidewalks, driveways, and garden beds. This enhances the overall appearance of the lawn.

12. Apply a Spring Herbicide

Broadleaf Weed Control: Apply a broadleaf weed control herbicide if needed for the suppression of broadleaf weeds like dandelions.

13. Consider Professional Services

Lawn Care Services: If maintaining your lawn seems overwhelming, consider hiring professional lawn care services for specialized treatments and advice.

14. Protect Against Lawn Diseases

Fungicide Application: Apply fungicides preventively if your lawn has a history of fungal diseases or if conditions are conducive to disease development.

15. Protect Against Lawn Diseases

Follow Watering Restrictions: Adhere to any local water restrictions and regulations when watering your lawn.

Final Thoughts

By following these spring lawn care tips, you can promote a lush, healthy lawn that withstands the challenges of the growing season and enhances the beauty of your outdoor space.